Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2016, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 1933-1940.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201604212

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Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Adsorption of Benzil-Bridged β-Cyclodextrin on Uranium(VI)

Peng-Fei JING,Hui-Jun LIU*(),Qin ZHANG,Sheng-Yong HU,Lan-Lin LEI,Zhi-Yuan FENG   

  • Received:2016-01-04 Published:2016-07-29
  • Contact: Hui-Jun LIU
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375084);Hunan Provincial Innovation Foundation for Postgraduate, China(CX2015B399)


Sulfated β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was prepared by the reaction of β-CD with p-toluenesulfonyl chloride at low temperature in aqueous sodium hydroxide. The product was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). The novel benzil-bridged β-CD (BB β-CD) was acquired by the reaction of benzil with sulfated β-CD at a molar ratio of 1: 2. UV spectrophotometry was used to study the synthetic mechanism of BB β-CD and benzil and their adsorption onto U(VI). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to analyze the surface properties of the materials. The adsorption of BB β-CD onto U(VI) was investigated as a function of pH, contact time, temperature, and interfering ions using the batch adsorption technique. It was found that the adsorption equilibrium of BB β-CD was reached faster than that of benzil. The optimum experimental conditions were pH=4.5 and shaking for 60 min, achieving the maximum adsorption capacity of 12.16 mg·g-1 and a U(VI) removal ratio of 91.2%. Kinetic studies revealed that the adsorption reached equilibrium within 60 min for U(VI) and followed a pseudo-second-order rate equation. The isothermal data correlated with the Langmuir model better than with the Freundlich model. The thermodynamic data indicated the spontaneous and endothermic nature of the process.

Key words: BB β-CD, Uranium(VI) adsorption, Kinetics, Equilibrium, Thermodynamics 1933