Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 2112027.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202112027

Special Issue: Heterojunction Photocatalytic Materials

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A 0D/2D Bi4V2O11/g-C3N4 S-Scheme Heterojunction with Rapid Interfacial Charges Migration for Photocatalytic Antibiotic Degradation

Liang Zhou1, Yunfeng Li1,*(), Yongkang Zhang1, Liewei Qiu1,*(), Yan Xing2   

  1. 1 College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Key Laboratory of Textile Chemical Engineering Auxiliaries, Xi'an Polytechnic University, Xi'an 710048, China
    2 Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials, Department of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2021-12-20 Accepted:2022-01-17 Published:2022-01-20
  • Contact: Yunfeng Li,Liewei Qiu;
  • About author:Email: (L.Q.)
    Email:; Tel.: +86-13134451412 (Y.L.)
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(22008185);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21872023);Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi Province(2021JQ-669);College Students' Innovative Training Plan Program of Xi'an Polytechnic University(202110709042);Graduate Innovation Fund Project of Xi'an Polytechnic University(chx2021020)


With the rapid development of industrial technology, a large number of organic pollutants are routinely released into the environment, which has caused serious problems. Semiconductor photocatalysis is an environmentally-friendly and effective method to degrade and remove typical pollutants, and photocatalysts play a key role in the application of this technology. Therefore, various semiconductor materials have been tried and used in the field of pollutant removal. Graphite carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has attracted great interest because of its two-dimensional layered structure and good visible light response range. Owing to a narrow bandgap, adjustable band structure, and high physicochemical stability, g-C3N4 absorbs wavelengths up to 450 nm in the visible spectrum, leading to an opportunity for visible-light photocatalytic performance. Nevertheless, there are still some drawbacks that limit the photocatalytic efficiency of g-C3N4 in the removal of antibiotics and dyes under visible light, such as the rapid recombination of photoinduced charges and the weak oxidation capacity of holes. To advance this promising photocatalytic material, multiple methods have been tried to optimize the electronic band structure of g-C3N4, such as doping with various elements, morphology control, and functional group modification. Recently, a novel type of Step-scheme (S-scheme) heterojunction composed of two n-type semiconductor photocatalysts has been proposed, which can utilize a more positive valance band and a more negative conduction band. It was demonstrated that the formation of S-scheme heterojunctions is a valid way to increase photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4. Herein, novel 0D/2D Bi4V2O11/g-C3N4 S-scheme heterojunctions were prepared by a simple in situ solvothermal growth method. The Bi4V2O11/g-C3N4 composites displayed a high photocatalytic activity through the removal of oxytetracycline (OTC) and Reactive Red 2. In particular, the BVCN-50 composite showed the highest degradation efficiency for OTC of 74.1% and for Reactive Red 2 of 84.2% with ·O2- as the primary active species. This highly improved photocatalytic performance can be ascribed to the generation of S-scheme heterojunctions, which provides for a high redox capacity of the heterojunction system (strong oxidative ability of Bi4V2O11 and strong reductive capacity of g-C3N4) and facilitates the space separation of photo-generated charges. Moreover, the surface plasmon resonance effect of metallic Bi0 broadens the light utilization range of the heterojunction system. In addition, the possible degradation pathway and intermediates throughout the degradation process of OTC based on liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer (LC-MS) analysis were also studied. This work provides a novel tactic for the design and fabrication of g-C3N4-based S-scheme heterojunctions with enhanced photocatalytic performance.

Key words: S-scheme, Photocatalysis, Oxytetracycline, g-C3N4