Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2009, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (12): 2433-2437.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20091211

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Sn Doped MnO2 Electrode Material for Supercapacitors

PANG Xu, MA Zheng-Qing, ZUO Lie   

  1. College of Material Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-05-26 Revised:2009-08-14 Published:2009-11-27
  • Contact: MA Zheng-Qing


Tin doped MnO2 was synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method to be used as an electrode material for supercapacitors. The morphology and structure of the products were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrometry. Results showed that the products were made up of 200-500 nm spherical particles formed with 10 nm (diameter) by 100 nm (length) nanorods. And the crystallographic structure of MnO2 was the poorly crystallized δ-type. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectrometry (EIS), and galvanostatic charge-discharge tests indicated that the ratio of tin in the products had great effect on the electrochemical capacity. A specific capacitance of 293 F·g-1 was obtained when the molar ratio ofMn to Sn was 50:1, which was 64.6%higher than that of the undoped material. After 600 charge-discharge cycles, the specific capacitance stabilized at 275 F·g-1, exhibiting favorable capacitance retention ability.

Key words: Supercapacitor, Manganese dioxide, Dope, Stannumdioxide, Electrode material