Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2023, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 2206035.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202206035

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Construction, Thermochemistry, and Fluorescence Properties of Novel Lanthanide Complexes Synthesized from Halogenated Aromatic Carboxylic Acids and Nitrogen-Containing Ligands

Chenlu Wang1, Suling Xu2, Ning Ren3,*(), Jianjun Zhang1,*()   

  1. 1 Testing and Analysis Center, College of Chemistry & Material Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    2 Hebei Special Equipment Supervision and Inspection Institute, Shijiazhuang 050000, China
    3 College of Chemical Engineering & Material, Hebei Key Laboratory of Heterocyclic Compounds, Handan University, Handan 056005, Hebei Province, China
  • Received:2022-06-24 Accepted:2022-07-12 Published:2022-07-20
  • Contact: Ning Ren,Jianjun Zhang;
  • About author:Email:; +86-310-6260302 (R.N.)
    Email:; Tel.: +86-311-80786457 (Z.J.)
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(22273015);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21803016)


In this study, new lanthanide complexes were synthesized via the volatilization method in solution at room temperature. The general molecular formulas for the lanthanide complexes are as follows: [Ln(2, 4-DFBA)3(phen)]2 (Ln = Sm 1, Eu 2, and Er 3; 2, 4-DFBA = 2, 4-difluorobenzoate; and phen = 1, 10-phenanthroline), as well as [Ln(2-Cl-6-FBA)2(terpy)(NO3)(H2O)]2 (Ln = Tb 4 and Dy 5; 2-Cl-6-FBA = 2-chloro-6-fluorobenzoate; and terpy = 2, 2': 6'2''-tripyridine). Based on single-crystal X-ray analysis, the five complexes exhibited a monoclinic crystal structure belonging to the space group P21/n. Even though complexes 1, 2 (I), and 3 (II) share a general molecular formula, their coordination modes were different. For example, complexes 1 and 2 formed a muffin-like structure with nine coordinated atoms, while complex 3 formed a double hat triangular geometry with eight coordinated atoms. The two-dimensional (2D) polyhedral structures of complexes 1 and 2 were formed via weak π-π stacking interactions, whereas complex 3 exhibited a 2D faceted supramolecular structure through C―H∙∙∙F hydrogen bonds. Complexes 4 and 5 were isostructural, with the presence of nitrate ions in their structure. This occurred through the C―H∙∙∙F hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking of the molecules to form a faceted supramolecular crystal structure. A series of characterizations, such as elemental analysis, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, as well as powder X-ray diffraction, were performed on the five complexes. Thermogravimetry-derivative thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry were performed between 299.25 and 1073.15 K to investigate the mechanism for the thermal decomposition of complexes 15. The analysis of the escaping gas stacking maps of the five complexes using thermogravimetric and 3D infrared coupling techniques further confirmed the correctness of the thermal decomposition mechanism of each complex. The results obtained revealed that similar structured complexes follow a similar thermal decomposition mechanism, and the end solid products for all complexes were their corresponding metal oxides. During the irradiation of the Xe lamp, the solid fluorescence of complexes 1, 2, 4, and 5 were measured. The characteristic transition peaks were located at 4G5/26H5/2, 4G5/26H7/2, and 4G5/26H9/2 (1); 5D07F0, 5D07F1, 5D07F2, 5D07F3, and 5D07F4 (2); 5D47F6, 5D47F5, 5D47F4, and 5D47F3 (4); and 4F9/26H15/2, 4F9/26H13/2 (5). The peaks observed indicated the characteristic transitions of Ln(III). The lanthanide complexes exhibited characteristic fluorescence due to this fact, which also explained their characteristic color. Furthermore, the fluorescence lifetimes of complexes 2 and 4 were measured, and their fluorescence decay curves indicated fluorescence lifetimes of 1.288 and 0.648 ms, respectively.

Key words: Lanthanide complexes, Supramolecular structure, Thermochemistry, Three-dimensional infrared, Fluorescent properties