Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2011, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 2881-2886.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20112881

• CATALYSIS AND SURFACE SCIENCE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Hydroxylation of Benzene over V-HMS Catalysts with the Addition of Fe as the Second Metal Component

FENG Su-Jiao, YUE Bin, WANG Yu, YE Lin, HE He-Yong   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Fudan University,Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-07-15 Revised:2011-09-15 Published:2011-11-25
  • Contact: YUE Bin, HE He-Yong;
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2009CB623506), National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863) (2009AA033701), Program of Shanghai Subject Chief Scientist, China (10XD1400300), and Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project, China (B108).

Abstract: Second metals (Fe, Al, Cu, Ni, Co, Mo, Cr) were incorporated into V-HMS catalyst by impregnation to enhance the catalytic activity for the hydroxylation of benzene with hydrogen peroxide as the oxidant. Among the studied second metals, Fe was found to be effective in improving the catalytic performance. Therefore, we synthesized a series of FexVy-HMS catalysts containing different amounts of Fe and V by the co-synthesis method. The catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 physisorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), NH3 temperature-programmed desorption (NH3- TPD), and H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR). The characterization results show that the mesoporous structure of HMS is maintained and the addition of Fe creates new acid sites and a stronger redox ability. Catalytic tests show that vanadium species are the active species and that the iron species promote the reaction. Under optimal reaction conditions, the Fe0.04V0.06-HMS catalyst gives the best catalytic performance with a highest phenol yield of 18.1% by comparison with 13.1% over the Fe-free catalyst Fe0.00V0.06-HMS. We propose a possible mechanism involving the Fe and V species for the hydroxylation of benzene with H2O2 as the oxidant.

Key words: Iron, Vanadium, Mesoporous silica, Benzene, Hydroxylation, Phenol