Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 1905086.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201905086

Special Issue: Photocatalyst

• Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Rod-Shaped Metal Organic Framework Structured PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 Composites for Efficient Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction

Shuhua Duan1,Shufeng Wu2,Lei Wang1,*(),Houde She1,Jingwei Huang1,Qizhao Wang1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials, Ministry of Education of China, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, P. R. China
    2 State Key Laboratory of Petroleum and Petrochemical Pollution Control and Processing, Lanzhou Petrochemical Research Center, PetroChina, Lanzhou 730060, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-05-31 Accepted:2019-06-24 Published:2019-06-27
  • Contact: Lei Wang,Qizhao Wang;
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21663027);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21808189)


The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 has attracted considerable attention owing to the dual suppression of environmental pollution and energy shortage. The technology uses solar energy to convert carbon dioxide into hydrocarbon fuel, which is of great significance for achieving the carbon cycle. The development of low-cost photocatalytic materials is critical to achieving efficient solar energy to fuels conversion. One of the most commonly employed photocatalysts is TiO2. However, it suffers from broad band gap as well as the recombination of photo-excited holes and electron. Hence, in this work, we report the photochemical reduction of CO2 using rod-like PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composites as photocatalyst through a simple hydrothermal method, in which TiO2 nanoparticles are anchored at the interface of the SiC rod PCN-222(Cu). Multiple characterization techniques were used to analyze the structure, morphology, and properties of the PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composite. A series of characterizations including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, photo-electrochemical, and photoluminescence (PL) confirm the successful preparation of PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composites. SEM reveals that the TiO2 nanoparticles are uniformly distributed on the surface of the rod-shaped PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2. XRD results show that PCN-222(Cu) and PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composite photocatalysts with good crystal structure were successfully synthesized. According to the DRS results, the prepared PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composite samples exhibit characteristic absorption peaks of metalloporphyrins in the visible region. PL spectroscopy, transient photocurrent response, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy further confirm that the rod-like PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 samples have high electron-hole pair separation efficiency. By controlling the mass ratio of PCN-222(Cu) and TiO2, the photocatalytic CO2 reduction performance test shows that the 10% PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composite achieves optimal catalytic performance, yielding 13.24 μmol·g−1·h−1 CO and 1.73 μmol·g−1·h−1 CH4, respectively. All the rod-like PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composites exhibit better photocatalytic CO2 activity than that of TiO2 nanoparticles or PCN-222(Cu) under the illumination of xenon lamps, which is attributed to charge transport and electron-hole separation capabilities. After three test cycles, the catalytic activity of PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 photocatalyst was virtually unchanged. The reduction yield of the catalyst increased for 8 h under continuous illumination, indicating that PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composites have acceptable stability. The estimation of the band gap curve and the Mote-Schottky curve test show that the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital position of PCN-222(Cu) is more negative than the TiO2 of the conduction band; hence, a possible photocatalytic reaction mechanism of the PCN-222(Cu)/TiO2 composite is proposed. This study provides a new strategy for the integration of metal-organic frameworks and oxide semiconductors to construct efficient photocatalytic systems.

Key words: Composite, Metal-organic frameworks, PCN-222(Cu), Photocatalytic CO2 reduction, TiO2